Home > China Observation, Society > 人变老后更有可能会相信上帝:研究表明近一半 68 岁以上的人“肯定”存在上帝

人变老后更有可能会相信上帝:研究表明近一半 68 岁以上的人“肯定”存在上帝

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via 人变老后更有可能会相信上帝:研究表明近一半 68 岁以上的人“肯定”存在上帝.

译者 Moose

Belief in God is highest among older people and increases with age, researchers have revealed.

 研究人员发现,相信上帝的人数在老年人中比例最高,并且随着年龄的增长相信上帝的人数还会增多。

The findings are not all that staggering as it can be largely attributed to the growing realisation that death is coming close.

 这项发现并不那么令人震惊,它在很大程度上可以归因于老年人越发地认识到他们日益接近死亡。

But data from surveys conclusively proves that, on average, 43 per cent of those aged 68 and older were certain that God exists.

 但是调查数据确凿地证实,在 68 岁及更年长的人中,平均有 43% 的人确信上帝存在。

 

Study: Belief in God is highest among older people and increases with age, researchers have revealed

 研究: 研究人员发现,相信上帝的人数在老年人中比例最高,并且随着年龄的增长相信上帝的人数还会增多

By comparison, an average of 23 per cent of people aged 27 and younger were firm believers in God, according to the report.

 作为对比,根据报告显示,在 27 岁及更年轻的人中,平均有 23% 的人是坚定的相信上帝者。

The University of Chicago’s National Opinion Research Centre carried out the surveys in 1991, 1998 and 2008 in 30 countries from Chile to Japan.

 芝加哥大学的“国家民意研究中心”于 1991 年、1998 年和 2008 年在从智利到日本的 30 个国家中展开调查。

It gathered data from the International Social Survey Programme, a consortium of the world’s leading opinion survey organizations.

 它从“国际社会调查项目”中收集数据,这是世界上领先的民意调查组织的联营组织。

Researcher Tom Smith said: ‘Looking at differences among age groups, the largest increases in belief in God most often occur among those 58 years of age and older.

 研究者汤姆•史密斯说:’查看各个年龄群体的差异,相信上帝的人数通常在 58 岁及更年长的人中增长最多。

‘This suggests that belief in God is especially likely to increase among the oldest groups, perhaps in response to the increasing anticipation of mortality.’

 ’这表明相信上帝的人数在最年长的群体中尤其有可能增长,这可能是他们对预感到死亡做出的一种反应。‘

Over the past two decades, belief in God has decreased in most countries, but the declines were modest, he added.

 在过去的二十年里,在绝大多数国家中相信上帝的人数都有所下降,但是这种下降是适度的,他补充道。

Israel, Slovenia and Russia were three exceptions where belief in God had grown.

 以色列、斯洛文尼亚和俄罗斯是三个例外,在这些国家里相信上帝的人数有所增长。

For instance in Russia, non-believers who became believers outnumbered by 16 per cent those who had lost their belief in God.

 比如在俄罗斯,以前不相信上帝而现在相信上帝的人比以前相信上帝但现在不相信的人多了 16 个百分点。

Belief was highest in strongly Catholic countries such as the Philippines, at 94 per cent, and lowest in Western Europe, with only 13 per cent of former East Germans believers.

 信上帝者在高度信仰天主教的国家中人数最多,比如菲律宾有 94% 的人信上帝,在西欧,仅有来自前东德的 13% 的人信上帝。

In the United States, 81 per cent of people surveyed said they had always believed in God, and 68 per cent support the concept that God is concerned with people in a personal way.

 在美国, 接受调查的人中有 81% 说他们一直相信上帝, 68% 的人以个人的方式支持“上帝关心人类”这一观念。

People were asked about their range of beliefs, from atheism to strong belief in God; their changing beliefs over their lifetimes; and their attitudes toward the notion that God is concerned with individuals.

 人们被问到他们的信仰程度(从无神论到高度相信上帝);他们在一生的各个时期是否改变信仰;他们对于“上帝关心每个人”这种观念的态度。

The countries surveyed were Australia, Austria, Chile, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, Britain, Hungary, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Latvia, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Northern Ireland, Norway, The Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States.

 参加调查的国家是澳大利亚、奥地利、智利、塞浦路斯、捷克、丹麦、法国、德国、英国、匈牙利、爱尔兰、以色列、意大利、日本、拉脱维亚,荷兰、新西兰、北爱尔兰、挪威、菲律宾、波兰、葡萄牙、俄罗斯、斯洛伐克、斯洛文尼亚、西班牙、瑞典、瑞士和美国。

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